The machine age is an era that includes the early 20th century, sometime also includes the late 19th century. An approximate dating would be 1880 to 1945. Considered to be at a peak in the time between the first & second world wars, it forms a late part of second industrial revolution.

After 1918 (i.e. by the end of WW I), there came a period of extravagant development in the man-made environment. Streamlined locomotives, airplanes & automobiles were appearing, concrete highways, airports, service stations, new workspaces – all bringing the news of modernity into rural & urban world.

By the mid to late 1940s, the atom bombs, the first computer & the transistor came into being, beginning the contemporary era of digital revolution and thus ending the intellectual model of the machine age founded in the mechanical and heralding a new more complex model of high technology. These new mechanical forms and forces offered themselves as inspiring symbols of unprecedented human well being, signaling a new epoch in communications, transportation & the mass production of consumer goods.

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Machine age influenced the society from various aspects in those early ages. Many influences such as social influence, environmental influence, international linkages etc was experienced by the society. The impression of “Machine Era” over “art & architecture” can be seen as:

  • STREAMLINE MODERNE:

    Streamline moderne is a late type of art “Deco Express_Building_Manchesterarchitecture” that emerged in 1930s. It’s architectural style emphasized curving forms, long horizontal lines, & sometimes nautical elements. Both streamline moderne & art deco are known for rejecting the past but differently. Art deco was a transport to another time whereas streamline moderne was the transfer to another place.The new science of aerodynamics, rounded edges for assisted airflow around the corners, with horizontal grooves & smooth surfaces etc were inculcated in most of the architectural works of that period. Other characteristics of Streamline Moderne were horizontal orientation, rounded edges, corner windows, glass brick walls, porthole windows, chrome hardware, smooth exterior wall surfaces, flat roof with coping, horizontal grooves or lines over walls & many more.

     

  • DYSTOPIAN MOVIES

    Some movies were also made in order to express the ambiguity of the normal people about the industrialization& It’s impact over the people’s livelihood. Movies like “METROPOLIS” (in 1927) & Charlie Chaplin’s epic comedy film “MODERN TIMES” (in 1936).

  • BAUHAUS STYLE

    Bauhaus was a German school of art operational from 1919 to 1933 Bauhausthat combined crafts & fine arts, & was famous for the approach of design that it published & taught. It was founded with the idea of creating a total work of “art” in which all arts including architecture would be brought together. Since Bauhaus was established in machine era, therefore it’s most of the works were somewhere influenced by the machinery & industrial perception. Although this institute have worked on various brilliant projects, but still most of their work expresses their “Machine age mentality”.

 

  • STEAM PUNK

    Aerial_house3Steam punk is a subgenre of science fiction or science fantasy that incorporates technology & aesthetic designs inspired by 19th century industrial steam power machinery. Steampunk perhaps most recognizably features anachronistic technologies or retro-futuristic inventions as people in the 19th century might have envisioned them, and is likewise rooted in the era’s perspective on fashion, culture, architectural style, and art. Such technology may include fictional machines like those found in the works of H. G. Wells and Jules Verne, or of the modern authors Philip Pullman, Scott Westerfeld, Stephen Hunt, and China Miéville. Other examples of steampunk contain alternative-history-style presentations of such technology as lighter-than-air airships, analogue computers, or such digital mechanical computers as Charles Babbage’s Analytical Engine

     

  • MODERN ART

    The_Scream Modern art includes artistic work produced during the period extending from the 1860s to 1970s, and denotes the style and philosophy of the art produced during that era. Since the machine era also counts in this long duration, that meant to say that we’ll definitely be able to see the influence of machine era over modern arts.

    • CUBISM: Cubismis an early-20th-century avant-garde art movement that revolutionized European painting and sculpture, and inspired related movements in music, literature and architecture. Cubism has been considered the most influential art movement of the 20th century. A primary influence that led to Cubism was the representation of 3D form in the late works of Paul Cézanne.

      In Cubist artwork, objects are analyzed, broken up and reassembled in an abstracted form—instead of depicting objects from a single viewpoint, the artist depicts the subject from a multitude of viewpoints to represent the subject in a greater context. The impact of Cubism was far-reaching and wide-ranging. Cubism spread rapidly across the globe and in doing so evolved to a greater or lesser extent. In essence, Cubism was the origin of an evolutionary process that produced diversity; it was the antecedent of diverse art movements.

    • ART DECOR:Victoire_2_by_Rene_Lalique_Toyota_Automobile_Museum Art Deco, sometimes simply referred to as Deco, is a style of visual arts, architecture and design, that first appeared in France just before World War I. It became popular in the 1920s and 1930s, and influenced the design of buildings, furniture, jewellery, fashion, cars, movie theaters, trains, ocean liners, and everyday objects such as radios and vacuum cleaners.
    • FUTURISM: Giacomo_Balla,_1912,_Dinamismo_di_un_Cane_al_Guinzaglio_(Dynamism_of_a_Dog_on_a_Leash),_Albright-Knox_Art_GalleryFuturism was an artistic and social movement that originated in Italy in the early 20th century. It emphasized speed, technology, youth, and violence, and objects such as the car, the aeroplane, and the industrial city. Although it was largely an Italian phenomenon, there were parallel movements in Russia, England, Belgium and elsewhere. The Futurists practiced in every medium of art including painting, sculpture, ceramics, graphic design, industrial design, interior design, urban design, theatre, film, fashion, textiles, literature, music, architecture, and even Futurist meals. It glorified modernity and aimed to liberate Italy from the weight of its past. Cubism contributed to the formation of Italian Futurism’s artistic style.

 

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